with Kings and Kingdoms
the scriptures often there is a very strong correlation between bible
colors and bible subjects. Gold is both a color and a metal and as both
color and metal it is associated with Kings, things pertaining to kings,
and kingdoms. This correlation will be presented in both the color
section of this work and in the metal section of this work.
The first time the word, gold appears in the scriptures is found in
Genesis 2:11, 12: "The name of the first is Pison: that is it which
compasseth the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold; And the gold
of that land is good: there is bdellium and the onyx stone." According
to the law of first occurrence, gold is said to be good. Gold is both
precious (rare) and valuable. Often throughout history it has been the
basis of money exchange. Also, gold is not easily corruptible. Gold is
a standard by which other things worth is judged.
Often, gold points us to King Jesus and to his bride, the church.
According to Rev. 1:5, 6 Christ has made his children both kings and
priests: "And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the
first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth.
Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood,
And hath made us kings and priests unto God and his Father; to him be
glory and dominion for ever and ever. Amen."
The things that we learn studying the color gold and its corresponding
subject of kings and kingdoms often point us to characteristics,
qualities, and works of King Jesus and to characteristics, qualities,
and works that we should possess as kings and priests unto God.
the next several essays we will examine the following:
Abraham's Gift to
When Abraham sent his servant to find a bride for his son Isaac, he sent
the servant with gifts for the bride to be:
1. Gen. 24:22 "And it came to
pass, as the camels had done drinking, that the man took a golden
earring of half a shekel weight, and two bracelets for her hands of ten
shekels weight of gold;"
2. Gen. 24:53 "And the servant brought forth jewels of silver, and
jewels of gold, and raiment, and gave them to Rebekah: he gave also to
her brother and to her mother precious things."
Abraham had been blessed of God and had received precious promises of
God that of he and his seed would all kindreds of the earth would be
blessed. Also, God promised him that he would be a father of nations and
that kings would come out of his loins. Isaac was Abraham's child of
In the matter of taking of a bride
for Isaac, there is a parallel in that passage to God taking a bride for
his Son. In the types and shadows Isaac is a type of Christ and Rebekah
is a type of the church. Abraham is a type of God the Father.
As Rebekah was chosen by the
leadership of the Spirit of God, she had to be clothed as a Queen. The
fact that she was given earrings of gold and bracelets of gold not only
punctuated her beauty, but showed that her husband was a man of great
wealth and had great care for his bride that he would clothe her and
adorn her with gold, something reserved for the King's bride and for the
Similarly, we are chosen of God to
be the sons and daughters of God. He has set us in a relationship to be
the chosen bride of Christ. As the bride of Christ we are clothed with
the very choicest of garments. We are clothed with the righteousness of
our Husband. Further we are adorned with a meek and quiet spirit, which
in the sight of God is of great price: 1 Pet. 3:3 "Whose adorning let it
not be that outward adorning of plaiting the hair, and of wearing of
gold, or of putting on of apparel; 4 But let it be the hidden man of the
heart, in that which is not corruptible, even the ornament of a meek and
quiet spirit, which is in the sight of God of great price. 5 For after
this manner in the old time the holy women also, who trusted in God,
adorned themselves, being in subjection unto their own husbands:"
God has blessed as the King's
bride to be possessors of great riches. We are richly blessed as the
following verses indicate:
1. Rom. 2:4 "Or despisest thou the
riches of his goodness and forbearance and longsuffering; not knowing
that the goodness of God leadeth thee to repentance?"
2. Rom. 9:23 "And that he might make known the riches of his glory on
the vessels of mercy, which he had afore prepared unto glory,"
3. Rom. 11:33 "O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and
knowledge of God! how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past
4. 2 Cor. 8:2 "How that in a great trial of affliction the abundance of
their joy and their deep poverty abounded unto the riches of their
5. Eph. 1:7 "In whom we have redemption through his blood, the
forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace;"
6. Eph. 1:18 "The eyes of your understanding being enlightened; that ye
may know what is the hope of his calling, and what the riches of the
glory of his inheritance in the saints,"
7. Eph. 2:7 "That in the ages to come he might show the exceeding riches
of his grace in his kindness toward us through Christ Jesus."
8. Eph. 3:8 "Unto me, who am less than the least of all saints, is this
grace given, that I should preach among the Gentiles the unsearchable
riches of Christ;"
9. Eph. 3:16 "That he would grant you, according to the riches of his
glory, to be strengthened with might by his Spirit in the inner man;"
10. Phil. 4:19 "But my God shall supply all your need according to his
riches in glory by Christ Jesus."
11. Col. 1:27 "To whom God would make known what is the riches of the
glory of this mystery among the Gentiles; which is Christ in you, the
hope of glory:"
12. Col. 2:2 "That their hearts might be comforted, being knit together
in love, and unto all riches of the full assurance of understanding, to
the acknowledgment of the mystery of God, and of the Father, and of
Pharaoh's Promotion of Joseph
Gen. 41:39 "And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, Forasmuch as God hath showed
thee all this, there is none so discreet and wise as thou art: 40 Thou
shalt be over my house, and according unto thy word shall all my people
be ruled: only in the throne will I be greater than thou. 41 And Pharaoh
said unto Joseph, See, I have set thee over all the land of Egypt. 42
And Pharaoh took off his ring from his hand, and put it upon Joseph's
hand, and arrayed him in vestures of fine linen, and put a gold chain
about his neck; 43 And he made him to ride in the second chariot which
he had; and they cried before him, Bow the knee: and he made him ruler
over all the land of Egypt. 44 And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, I am
Pharaoh, and without thee shall no man lift up his hand or foot in all
the land of Egypt."
There are over a hundred parallels between the life of
Joseph and the life of Jesus Christ. In the above scene we have Pharaoh
promoting Joseph to be the second ruler in the land of Egypt. Egypt was
to be governed by the word of Joseph. In making this promotion Pharaoh
placed a gold chain about the neck of Joseph. This is symbolic of making
Joseph a ruler or king over the land of Egypt.
Before Joseph became ruler over the land of Egypt several
things happened to him:
1. Joseph was Jacob's (his father) favorite son.
2. Jacob had given Joseph a coat of many colors. This coat ended up
dipped in the blood of a lamb.
3. Joseph's brethren plotted to kill Joseph, because they envied and
4. Joseph's brethren sold Joseph into bondage in Egypt.
5. Joseph was put in prison in Egypt even though he had done nothing
6. Joseph had the gift of prophecy which God had given to him.
7. Joseph was raised up out of prison and brought before Pharaoh and
there he was made the second ruler in the land.
8. As the second ruler, Joseph saved his brethren from famine.
9. Joseph provided the best of dwelling places for his brethren in the
land of Egypt – the land of Goshen.
10. Joseph ruled over all the land of Egypt.
Now we notice the parallels of Christ's ascension to be
king over the Kingdom of God:
1. Christ is the favorite Son of the Father and the only begotten Son:
a. John 1:18 "No man hath seen God at any time; the only begotten Son,
which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared him.
b. John 3:16 "For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten
Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have
c. John 3:18 "He that believeth on him is not condemned: but he that
believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the
name of the only begotten Son of God."
d. Heb. 11:17 "By faith Abraham, when he was tried, offered up Isaac:
and he that had received the promises offered up his only begotten son."
e. 1 John 4:9 "In this was manifested the love of God toward us, because
that God sent his only begotten Son into the world, that we might live
2. Christ was given, not a coat of many colors, but a
people out of every nation, people, tongue and kindred: Rev. 7:9 "After
this I beheld, and, lo, a great multitude, which no man could number, of
all nations, and kindreds, and people, and tongues, stood before the
throne, and before the Lamb, clothed with white robes, and palms in
their hands; 10 And cried with a loud voice, saying, Salvation to our
God which sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb." This people ended
up dipped in the blood of the Lamb of God (Jesus Christ).
3. The Jews ended up plotting to kill Jesus because they
envied him and hated him:
a. Mark 11:18 "And the scribes and chief priests heard it, and sought
how they might destroy him: for they feared him, because all the people
was astonished at his doctrine."
b. Mark 14:1 "After two days was the feast of the passover, and of
unleavened bread: and the chief priests and the scribes sought how they
might take him by craft, and put him to death."
c. Mark 14:11 "And when they heard it, they were glad, and promised to
give him money. And he sought how he might conveniently betray him."
d. Luke 22:2 "And the chief priests and scribes sought how they might
kill him; for they feared the people."
e. Matt. 27:17 "Therefore when they were gathered together, Pilate said
unto them, Whom will ye that I release unto you? Barabbas, or Jesus
which is called Christ? 18 For he knew that for envy they had delivered
4. Christ was sold for thirty pieces of silver:
a. Mat. 26:15 "And said unto them, What will ye give me, and I will
deliver him unto you? And they covenanted with him for thirty pieces of
b. Mat. 27:3 "Then Judas, which had betrayed him, when he saw that he
was condemned, repented himself, and brought again the thirty pieces of
silver to the chief priests and elders,"
c. Mat. 27:9 "Then was fulfilled that which was spoken by Jeremy the
prophet, saying, And they took the thirty pieces of silver, the price of
him that was valued, whom they of the children of Israel did value;"
5. Christ was taken from prison and judgment: Isa. 53:8 "He was taken
from prison and from judgment: and who shall declare his generation? for
he was cut off out of the land of the living: for the transgression of
my people was he stricken."
6. Jesus prophesied of many things while walking on earth.
7. God raised up Christ from the dead: Rom. 8:11 "But if the Spirit of
him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you, he that raised up
Christ from the dead shall also quicken your mortal bodies by his Spirit
that dwelleth in you." God, also made Christ to be King: Acts 2:36
"Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God hath
made that same Jesus, whom ye have crucified, both Lord and Christ."
8. As the Son of God, Christ saved his people from sin:
a. Luke 1:68 "Blessed be the Lord God of Israel; for he hath visited and
redeemed his people,"
b. Gal. 3:13 "Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being
made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth
on a tree:"
c. 1 Pet. 1:18 "Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with
corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation
received by tradition from your fathers;"
d. Rev. 5:9 "And they sung a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take
the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast slain, and hast
redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and tongue, and
people, and nation;"
9. Christ has provided the best of dwelling places for his people while
they sojourn here in this life – the Kingdom of God: Luke 16:16 "The law
and the prophets were until John: since that time the kingdom of God is
preached, and every man presseth into it."
10. Christ rules, not only over his church, but over all the earth:
a. Rev. 12:5 "And she brought forth a man child, who was to rule all
nations with a rod of iron: and her child was caught up unto God, and to
b. Rev. 19:15 "And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he
should smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron: and
he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God."
c. Rev. 2:26 "And he that overcometh, and keepeth my works unto the end,
to him will I give power over the nations: 27 And he shall rule them
with a rod of iron; as the vessels of a potter shall they be broken to
shivers: even as I received of my Father."
The tabernacle that God had Moses and the children of Israel erect in
the wilderness served as the place of the offerings of the High Priest
and the priests. A tabernacle is a temporary dwelling place and here
God manifest himself at times to the children of Israel. It was
appropriately called the place of God's abode during that time.
The curtains of the
tabernacle were coupled together by taches of gold: Ex. 26:5 "Fifty
loops shalt thou make in the one curtain, and fifty loops shalt thou
make in the edge of the curtain that is in the coupling of the second;
that the loops may take hold one of another. 6 And thou shalt make fifty
taches of gold, and couple the curtains together with the taches: and it
shall be one tabernacle."
In many ways, the
tabernacle in the wilderness was typical of the Lord's church today.
The tabernacle was built under the direction of God. God gave the
pattern to Moses and told him: Ex. 25:8 "And let them make me a
sanctuary; that I may dwell among them. 9 According to all that I show
thee, after the pattern of the tabernacle, and the pattern of all the
instruments thereof, even so shall ye make it." Truly God was the King
giving direction to the children of Israel and they were to follow those
directions. They were not to deviate from them. The tabernacle was
coupled together by the God of Israel.
Likewise, Christ, the
King, is the builder of His church: Mat. 16:18 "And I say also unto
thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church;
and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it." This verse should
be coupled with Ps. 127:1 "Except the LORD build the house, they labour
in vain that build it: except the LORD keep the city, the watchman
waketh but in vain." This teaches us that our King Jesus gives us
directions and a pattern for His house (church). We are to follow the
directions and pattern he has given us for the building and worship of
His house. We are not to deviate from it.
The King's Table
In the scriptures there is a strong correlation between the color or
metal, gold, and the subject of kings. Where we find the color or metal,
gold, we should be looking for something pertaining to a king.
In the tabernacle in the
wilderness that God instructed Moses and the children of Israel to
build, there were several pieces of furniture that had gold as either a
part of the piece or all of the piece. One such piece of furniture was
the table in the Holy Place:
1. Ex. 25:23 "Thou shalt also make
a table of shittim wood: two cubits shall be the length thereof, and a
cubit the breadth thereof, and a cubit and a half the height thereof. 24
And thou shalt overlay it with pure gold, and make thereto a crown of
gold round about. 25 And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand
breadth round about, and thou shalt make a golden crown to the border
thereof round about. 26 And thou shalt make for it four rings of gold,
and put the rings in the four corners that are on the four feet thereof.
27 Over against the border shall the rings be for places of the staves
to bear the table. 28 And thou shalt make the staves of shittim wood,
and overlay them with gold, that the table may be borne with them. 29
And thou shalt make the dishes thereof, and spoons thereof, and covers
thereof, and bowls thereof, to cover withal: of pure gold shalt thou
make them. 30 And thou shalt set upon the table showbread before me
2. Lev. 24:5 "And thou shalt take
fine flour, and bake twelve cakes thereof: two tenth deals shall be in
one cake. 6 And thou shalt set them in two rows, six on a row, upon the
pure table before the LORD. 7 And thou shalt put pure frankincense upon
each row, that it may be on the bread for a memorial, even an offering
made by fire unto the LORD. 8 Every sabbath he shall set it in order
before the LORD continually, being taken from the children of Israel by
an everlasting covenant. 9 And it shall be Aaron's and his sons'; and
they shall eat it in the holy place: for it is most holy unto him of the
offerings of the LORD made by fire by a perpetual statute."
This table in the tabernacle
points us to King Jesus' table. This table was called a pure table.
Moreover, this table had showbread placed upon it that Aaron and his
sons ate thereof in the holy place. The bread was a bread of memorial.
The bread was placed in two rows, with six loaves in each row. We will
look at the spiritual significance of some of these things later in this
King David, after that he ascended to the throne of Israel, inquired
whether there was any of the sons of Saul that he might show the
kindness of God for Jonathan's sake: 2 Sam. 9:1 "And David said, Is
there yet any that is left of the house of Saul, that I may show him
kindness for Jonathan's sake? 2 And there was of the house of Saul a
servant whose name was Ziba. And when they had called him unto David,
the king said unto him, Art thou Ziba? And he said, Thy servant is he. 3
And the king said, Is there not yet any of the house of Saul, that I may
show the kindness of God unto him? And Ziba said unto the king, Jonathan
hath yet a son, which is lame on his feet. 4 And the king said unto him,
Where is he? And Ziba said unto the king, Behold, he is in the house of
Machir, the son of Ammiel, in Lodebar. 5 Then king David sent, and
fetched him out of the house of Machir, the son of Ammiel, from Lodebar.
6 Now when Mephibosheth, the son of Jonathan, the son of Saul, was come
unto David, he fell on his face, and did reverence. And David said,
Mephibosheth. And he answered, Behold thy servant! 7 And David said unto
him, Fear not: for I will surely show thee kindness for Jonathan thy
father's sake, and will restore thee all the land of Saul thy father;
and thou shalt eat bread at my table continually."
The word Mephibosheth means
"dispeller of shame." He was dwelling in the "house of Machir." The
term, "house of Machir" means "house of bondage." Ammiel means "no God."
Lodebar means "no pasture." Mephibosheth was one who had been made lame
as a result of a fall. He was a dispenser of shame. He was in the house
of bondage and without God and had no pasture. He was typical of every
child of God before they are born of the Spirit. Before the spiritual
birth we were totally depraved as a result of the fall of Adam in the
Garden of Eden. We were dispenser of shame according to our depraved
nature. We were without God and we had no spiritual pasture.
David bestowed a great blessing
upon Mephibosheth in that he restored him all the lands of his father,
and gave him the privilege of eating bread at the King's table as one of
the King's sons. David, however, did not do this for Mephibosheth's
sake, but rather he did it for Jonathan's sake. He showed him the
kindness of God for Jonathan's sake.
Likewise, we who are like
Mephibosheth are blessed for Christ's sake. We had no virtue of our own.
We were totally undeserving of the kindness of God. However, according
to a covenant arrangement, we are blessed for Christ's sake. Now we may
eat at the King's table: Luke 22:29 "And I appoint unto you a kingdom,
as my Father hath appointed unto me; 30 That ye may eat and drink at my
table in my kingdom, and sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of
Israel." While this was spoken directly to the twelve apostles, yet when
coupled with the following verse it shows us that we also have part of
eating with Christ at His table: 1 Cor. 10:21 "Ye cannot drink the cup
of the Lord, and the cup of devils: ye cannot be partakers of the Lord's
table, and of the table of devils."
Now that we have established that
King Jesus has a table and that we have been made partakers of his
table, let us go back to the table in the tabernacle in the wilderness.
First, this table was a "pure" table. When you eat what the world feeds
you, there is nothing pure. It is mixed with perhaps some good things
and some poison. In contrast, the Lord's table is pure. You always know
what you can expect to find at the Lord's table.
Second, the table in the
tabernacle had a crown of gold around it. This points us to the fact
that Christ is the king to whom this table belongs and that he reigns
over this house. When we go to eat of the Lord's table, we are not going
to eat of some man's table. Only the very best will be served at the
Third, this table had twelve
loaves arranged in two rows, with six in each row. The bread of this
table was arranged six loaves by six loaves. It was six by six or 66.
There are 66 books of the Old and New Testaments. When we eat of the
Lord's Table, we are eating of the very best of food. We are eating of
the food of the scriptures. Further, there was frankincense sprinkled on
these six by six loaves. Frankincense signifies the sacrificial
atonement of Jesus Christ. The scriptures are a continually testimony of
Jesus: John 5:39 "Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have
eternal life: and they are they which testify of me." The sacrificial
atonement of Christ for the elect gives us an extremely sweet savor when
we search the scriptures.
Fourth, the table had four rings
on the sides with two staves overlaid with gold by which the table was
to be carried by the priests. The priests were the sons of the High
Priest. Only the sons of the High Priest were allowed to carry the
table. Similarly, only the sons of our King and High Priest (Jesus
Christ) are allowed to sit and eat at the King's table and only the sons
of our High Priest are allowed to carry the gospel of the grace of
Fifth, the utensils of the table:
spoons, bowls, dishes: are all of pure gold. They are the work of the
King and belong to the King. We are made partakers of the Lord's table
by being born of the Spirit of God. This is God's work. By this miracle
of the New Birth we can eat of the Spirit of God and receive the things
of the Spirit of God. We are given faith by which we can partake of the
Lord's table. By this same faith we eat of the true gospel of Jesus
Christ. Our new birth and our faith comes from our King and belongs to
our King. These are the utensils by which we eat from the King's table.